Haicang Ancient Blocks including Liantang Villa


As an ever significant port and an important starting point of “Maritime Silk Road”, the plain buildings in the ancient Cangjiang Town still maintain their previous styles and features.

Built during the reign of Emperor Guangxu in the Qing Dynasty, Liantang Villas covers a floor space of about 30,000 square meters and a building area of over 8,000 square meters. Dwellings, schools and ancestral temples in Liantang Villas are distributed like the shape of the character “Pin” establishing the largest ancient architectural complex of styles of southern Fujian in Xiamen. Featuring functions of dwelling, education and worship, Liantang Villas is the living fossil for studying dwelling culture and life in ancient China.

Liantang Villas possesses numerous splendid and exquisite artworks such as brick carving, wood carving, porcelain carving, stone carving, mud carving and colored painting and many gilded wood carvings are still sparkling to this day with clearly visible and vivid clothes, ornaments and hair of painted characters. The brick carving is extremely excellent to be rated as the top in Fujian Province with great value in both appreciation and protection. The brick carvings in the Villas are visible around the patio and the wainscoting of the hall, mainly covering pines, bamboos, bananas, plums, orchids, chrysanthemums and peonies in the patio, and various flowers and beasts in the hall among which the carving of Hundred Flowers Painting, Hundred Beasts Painting and Splash-ink Landscape Painting features excellent painting skills and carving techniques.

In addition to Liantang Villas, different business streets of various features in the Ming and Qing Dynasties and the Republic of China coexist well in the ancient Cangjiang Town. Huanggong Bridge and the ancient stele at the bridge head in the Song Dynasty still stand there. Ruiqing Palace in the Song Dynasty for worshiping Baosheng God held by the Patrol Division of three cities in the Ming Dynasty has been included as one of Historical and Cultural Sites Protected at the Municipal Level. A stone stele in the Palace which is written by Lv Shiyi, a famous celebrity in Fujian and Taiwan, has attracted the attention from both sides of Taiwan Strait.

Connotative meaning

Haicang gains the name for “Cangjiang River flows into the sea and the sea nourishes Cangjiang River”. Visitors may feel just like entering into a Time Tunnel in Liantang Villas, a representation of red brick large houses in southern Fujian at the end of the old street.

As the exit to the sea in Jinjiang, Quanzhou Port declined in the Ming Dynasty as China’s Maritime Silk Road shifted its focus to the exits to the sea in Jiulong River and then Yuegang Port in the south and Haicang in the north became important towns for foreign trade. Cangjiang River flowing along old streets in Haicang was certainly one of the most important starting points of China’s Maritime Silk Road in the Ming Dynasty.

Traffic guidance

Bus route: Take Bus No.780 at Armed Police Detachment Station, get off at Canglin Crossing Station, transfer to Bus No. 890, 834, 835, 836, 837 or 892 and get off at Haicang Street Station.

Take Bus No. 890, 892, 834, 837, 835 or 836 at Haicang Real Estate Station and get off at Haicang Street Station.

Self-driving route: Haicang Bridge - Haihong Road - Maqing Road - Haijing Road - Changyuan Road -Nanhai Road to the destination.